Concept Map on Effective Steps to Teaching

Concept Map on Effective Steps to Teaching

Concept Map on Effective Steps to Teaching

In a class with Georgia Tech’s Center for the Enhancement of Teaching and Learning, our first assignment was to create a concept map focused around what we believe are the most effective steps to successful teaching. Initially, my concept map was simple and straight forward. As the semester went on, however, I learned more about the principles and psychology behind effective teaching and continued to add branches, webs, ideas, and…well, concepts! I’m sharing the most updated version here, but I have a feeling my personal concept map for effective teaching will continue to evolve and grow as I do.



1. Prepare a Lesson Plan

  • Describe planned activities (so that a peer could understand)
  • Explicitly state learning objectives
    • Attitude
    • Knowledge
    • Skill
  • Identify desired results
  • Prepare a list of required materials
  • Provide background to refresh your memory and help you answer student questions

2. Assess Students’ Initial Understanding

  • Ask questions
  • Get to know them and their educational backgrounds
  • Give a preliminary exam
  • Identify gifted and/or special needs learners
    • Challenge student
    • Consult with the student’s parents and other academic professionals at the school
    • Observe classroom behavior and participation

3. Present and Explain Topic

  • Active demonstration
  • Answer questions
  • Provide concrete examples for abstract ideas
  • Slide show presentation/notes
  • Work practice problems
    • Aloud as a class
    • Cooperative group work

4. Assess Students’ Understanding

  • Accommodate those students who have been proven to be special needs or gifted
    • Allow more time on exams for certain learning disabilities
    • Design assesment tasks that allow students to demonstrate their knowledge in a variety of ways
    • Facilitate organizational and study skills for dyslexic students
    • Interventions to improve reading ability
    • Larger print tests and quizzes for visually impaired students
    • Seek the advice and resources of the school’s special education teacher whenever possible
  • Assign homework
  • Assign projects or group work
  • Give final exam (SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT)
  • Give occasional quizzes
  • Give regular exams (FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT)
    • Constructed response items (short answer/essay)
    • Performance measures (i.e. lab skills)
    • Personal communication (oral exams, interviews)
    • Selected response items (multiple choice, T/F, matching)

5. Provide Feedback

  • Types of Feedback
    • Feedback About Self-regulation
      • Applying knowledge
      • Willingness to seek and accept feedback
    • Feedback About Task Processing
      • Addressing strategies for error detection
    • Feedback About the Task
      • Avoiding too much feedback (leads to guessing)
      • Making corrections
      • Providing cues

6. Monitor and Stay Involved with Students’ Progress

  • Fill out progress reports
  • Host regularly scheduled office hours
  • Motivation!
  • Post midterm grades
  • Set up one-on-one meetings

7. Manage Classroom Effectively Throughout

  • Be authoritative not authoritarian
    • Clear statement about acceptable behavior
    • High involvement
    • Warm student-teacher relationships
    • Prevent Disruptions
      • Group altering
      • Smoothness and momentum in lessons
      • Stimulating seatwork